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Human Rights

CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS format

THE INTERNATIONAL BILL OF HUMAN RIGHTS

THE CORE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS and their monitoring bodiesThere are nine core international human rights treaties. Each of these treaties has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns.
Date
Monitoring Body
ICERD International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
21 Dec 1965
ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
16 Dec 1966
ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
16 Dec 1966
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
18 Dec 1979
CAT Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
10 Dec 1984
CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child
20 Nov 1989
ICRMW International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
18 Dec 1990
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
20 Dec 2006
CRPD Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
13 Dec 2006
ICESCR – OP Optional Protocol of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
10 Dec 2008
ICCPR-OP1 Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
16 Dec 1966
ICCPR-OP2 Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty
15 Dec 1989
OP-CEDAW Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
10 Dec 1999
OP-CRC-AC Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict
25 May 2000
OP-CRC-SC Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
25 May 2000
OP-CAT Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
18 Dec 2002
OP-CRPD Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
12 Dec 2006

UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

In addition to the International Bill of Rights and the core human rights treaties, there are many other universal instruments relating to human rights. A non-exhaustive selection is listed below. The legal status of these instruments varies: declarations, principles, guidelines, standard rules and recommendations have no binding legal effect, but such instruments have an undeniable moral force and provide practical guidance to States in their conduct; covenants, statutes, protocols and conventions are legally-binding for those States that ratify or accede to them. Information on the status of ratification of selected instruments is available here. Printer-friendly versions of these instruments may be downloaded from the CD-ROM Compilation of Universal Instruments accessible online here.

WORLD CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND MILLENNIUM ASSEMBLY

THE RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION

RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND MINORITIES

PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION

RIGHTS OF WOMEN

RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

RIGHTS OF OLDER PERSONS

RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE: PROTECTION OF PERSONS SUBJECTED TO DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT

SOCIAL WELFARE, PROGRESS AND DEVELOPMENT

PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

MARRIAGE

RIGHT TO HEALTH

RIGHT TO WORK AND TO FAIR CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

SLAVERY, SLAVERY-LIKE PRACTICES AND FORCED LABOUR

RIGHTS OF MIGRANTS

NATIONALITY, STATELESSNESS, ASYLUM AND REFUGEES

WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, INCLUDING GENOCIDE

HUMANITARIAN LAW

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